Who would have thought this ship exists in this modern world. Im sure everyone knows this ship on our history subject when Spaniards came to the Philippines. During that time Philippines were already trading with China,Japan, Siam, India, Cambodia, Borneo and the Moluccas. The Spanish government continued trade relations with these countries, and the Manila became the center of commerce in the East. The Spaniards closed the ports of Manila to all countries except Mexico. Thus, the Manila–Acapulco Trade, better known as the “Galleon Trade” was born. The Galleon Trade was a government monopoly. Only two galleons were used: One sailed from Acapulco to Manila with some 500,000 pesos worth of goods, spending 120 days at sea; the other sailed from Manila to Acapulco with some 250,000 pesos worth of goods spending 90 days at sea.
It also allowed modern, liberal ideas to enter the country, eventually inspiring the movement for independence from Spain. And because the Spaniards were so engrossed in making profits from the Galleon Trade, they hardly had any time to further exploit our natural resources.
Now, year 2010 the replica of Galleon is in Manila for Día del Galeón. A 17th century Spanish Galleon ship used in trading goods between Manila and Acapulco. During those times, from 1565 to 1815, the galleons’ crew was made up of up to eighty percent Filipinos.
The Galéon Andalucía is made from pine, oak and iroko, a kind of hardwood sometimes referred to as African teak. It is 51 meters long and features a 10.10-meter beam with four masts for seven sails. It weighs 495 tons and has 10 cast-iron cannons.
Three flags are hoisted over the galleon: the Philippine flag, the red and yellow flag of Spain, and the green and white flag of Andalucía, where the galleon was constructed.
The Galeón Andalucía was built by the Nao Victoria Foundation in Spain and designed by Ignacio Fernandez Vial. It can be viewed by the public for free at Pier 13 until Saturday morning, October 9.
The galleon leaves for an educational trip to Cebu and Bohol with students for the next 14 days. There will be on-board seminars, interactive performances, and exhibits. On land, there will also be re-enactments of events related to the galleon trade and city and heritage tours.
In Manila, the commemoration of the Día del Galeón began last September 21 with student workshops that fused Asian and Hispanic traditions in the arts. Noted artists like Japanese contemporary actor and dancer Jun Amanto and Spanish scriptwriter Lola Mayo conducted some of the sessions.
The workshops culminate in the multimedia stage production of Juana la Loca, the story of Juana of Castille, the daughter of Catholic royalty Ferdinand and Isabella and the last monarch of the Iberian House of Trastamara. Performances are scheduled 7 p.m. at the Clamshell in Intramuros on Oct. 7 and 8. Written by Mexican playwright Miguel Sabido, the play has a multinational cast and fuses the Spanish and Filipino languages.